How Does John Keats’s Poetry Reflect the Romantic Era

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Thus, what poet…. It is as if the vivid, fresh mood of stanza…. His life began in Mortgage, London, England on the 31st of October in The Romantic poet John Keats wrote this poem. Keats writes the poem in iambic pentameter.

The poem revolves around Keats love for…. John Keats uses often uses pain and suffering in his poetry and blends this with sensuous delight and pleasure but pain and suffering are not always paradoxically a source of poetic pleasure in his work. However, a closer look will reveal that through his apostrophe, he speaks of autumn as a person to convey his perception of change and death and rebirth. Stanza 1 has a regular pattern of 10 syllables on…. Keats was mostly in the calm bosom of nature, far from the hustle and bustle of the city, it reveals he beauty of nature to him so that he is named as devotee of nature to beauty.

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Sorry, but Javascript is not enabled in your browser! Member's Area. Recent John keats essay. Recent Events. Hunt was the editor of the liberal newspaper The Examiner ; inhe agreed to publish Keats' poem "To Solitude. Conservative newspapers who wanted to discredit Hunt published numerous scathing critiques of Keats' work.

Keats' next poem, Endymionwhich he had composed during a semi-friendly challenge with the poet Percy Blythe Shelley, also failed to attract significant attention. InKeats went on a walking tour of Scotland and Ireland with his friend Charles Armitage Brown, but was called back to care for his brother, Thomas. He ended up nursing Thomas through his final months with tuberculosis, and naturally was greatly shaken by his brother's death in December Soon thereafter, he moved into Brown's house.

He then made the acquaintance of Fanny Brawne, the love of his life, although he john keats belle dame sans merci essay not recognize his feelings for her immediately.

Keats proposed to Fanny Brawne in October and was accepted. However, he was not wealthy enough to go through with the marriage. In February,Keats coughed up blood for the first time and, being a physician, knew exactly what that meant. He ended up moving into the Brawnes' house even though it was improper at the time for unmarried sweethearts to live under the same roof. Eventually, his friend, Severn, decided to take him to the warmer climate in Italy in hopes of a recovery.The poem is full of life and the mood is very positive, and in general the poem is very poetic.

The poem is written in the romantic movement. The form of the poem is very natural and it fits very well with the content.

John keats essay

The form is very harmonious and as a reader you have a god experience reading it. In the first stanza the narrator addresses autumn, and describes how he sees autumn. He fo-cuses on the nature and especially fruits, and he mentions both apples and hazel shells, be-cause autumn or indian summer is the seasons when you harvest. The language is very de-scribing and full of passion. The narrator uses a lot of adjectives such as mellow, maturing and sweet and it makes the poem very vividly and more exiting to read.

He describes autumn as a person and he ensouls autumn. The whole stanza is some kind of a metaphor, because he de-scribes autumn as a person and he makes it alive. He describes autumn not just as a friend of the sun, but as a close bosom-friend of it.

You could say that the first lines of the stanza tells us that the autumn is not far away from the summer that we all love, because it has a close rela-tionship to the sun as well.

One of the main themes in the john keats belle dame sans merci essay stanza is ripeness. He mentions both how the sun matures, but also how all fruits are filled with ripeness.

Its describe as a mature person, who does good things to nature. In the second stanza, the narrator describes the figure of autumn as a beautiful woman. So again he makes a personification, but this time it is a woman. The narrator mentions three places, where we can probably find autumn: The granary floor, on a half reaped furrow or by the cider-press. In the first line, the narrator mentions a store, which could be a metaphor or a symbol for all the fruits and crops and he asks a rhetorical question.

In the next part of the poem, the mood is actually not that good. In a letter, Keats wrote, ' Keats wrote in a letter to Fanny Brawne: 'I have two luxuries to brood over in my walks; your loveliness and the hour of my death. Keats wrote: 'I have been reading over a part of a short poem I have composed lately called 'Lamia'- and I am sure there is that sort of fire in it which must take hold of people in some way- give them either pleasant or unpleasant sensation.

What they want is a sensation of some sort'. Do you agree with Keats' view about readers' expectations of poetry and his assessment of 'Lamia'? Look at how death is explored in Keats' 'Selected Poems'. In a letter to a friend 8th October Keats wrote: 'Do not the lovers of poetry like to have poems where they make, pick and choose, in which images are so numerous that many are forgotten and found new in second reading'. Keats believed that 'poetry should surprise by a fine excess'.

What evidence have you found in this selection of 'surprise' and 'fine john keats essays In your answer either analyse in detail one of his poems or a substantial extract from one of his longer poems or range widely across a number of poems in the selection.

His works 'rise like an exhalation. He seems to have been averse to all speculative thought, and his only creed, we fear, was expressed in the words- Beauty is truth,-truth beauty". The 20th century marked the beginning of a critical dispute over the final lines of the poem and their relationship to the beauty of the whole work. Poet laureate Robert Bridges sparked the debate when he argued:. The thought as enounced in the first stanza is the supremacy of ideal art over Nature, because of its unchanging expression of perfect; and this is true and beautiful; but its amplification in the poem is unprogressive, monotonous, and scattered The last stanza enters stumbling upon a pun, but its concluding lines are very fine, and make a sort of recovery with their forcible directness.

Bridges believed that the final lines redeemed an otherwise bad poem. Arthur Quiller-Couch responded with a contrary view and claimed that the lines were "a vague observation - to anyone whom life has taught to face facts and define his terms, actually an uneducated conclusion, albeit most pardonable in one so young and ardent.

Richardsan English literary critic who analysed Keats's poems inrelied on the final lines of the "Ode on a Grecian Urn" to discuss "pseudo-statements" in poetry:. On the one hand there are very many people who, if they read any poetry at all, try to take all its statements seriously - and find them silly This may seem an absurd mistake but, alas!

On the other hand there are those who succeed too well, who swallow 'Beauty is truth, truth beauty Poet and critic T. Eliotin his "Dante" essay, responded to Richards:. I am at first inclined to agree But on re-reading the whole Ode, this line strikes me as a serious blemish on a beautiful poem, and the reason must be either that I fail to understand john keats essay, or that it is a statement which is untrue.

And I suppose that Keats meant something by it, however remote his truth and his beauty may have been from these words in ordinary use. And I am sure that he would have repudiated any explanation of the line which called it a pseudo-statement The statement of Keats seems to me meaningless: or perhaps the fact that it is grammatically meaningless conceals another meaning from me.

InJohn Middleton Murry gave a history of these responses "to show the astonishing variety of opinion which exists at this day concerning the culmination of a poem whose beauty has been acknowledged for many john keats essay. Whether such another cause, and such another example, of critical diversity exists, I cannot say; if it does, it is unknown to me. My own opinion concerning the value of those two lines in the context of the poem itself is not very different from Mr.

Cleanth Brooks defended the lines from critics in and argued:. We shall not feel that the generalization, unqualified and to be taken literally, is meant to march out of its context to compete with the scientific and philosophical generalizations which dominate our world. To conclude thus may seem to weight the principle of dramatic propriety with more than it can bear.

This would not be fair to the complexity of the problem of truth in art nor fair to Keats's little parable. Granted; and yet the principle of dramatic propriety may take us further than would first appear. Respect for it may at least insure our dealing with the problem of truth at the level on which it is really relevant to literature.

Abrams responded to Brooks's view in I entirely agree, then, with Professor Brooks in his explication of the Odethat 'Beauty is truth' I am uneasy, however, about his final reference to 'the world-view They are all, therefore, to be apprehended as histrionic elements which are 'in character' and 'dramatically appropriate,' for their inherent interest as stages in the evolution of an artistically ordered Earl Wasserman, incontinued the discussion over the final lines and claimed, "the more we tug at the final lines of the ode, the more the noose of their meaning strangles our comprehension of the poem The aphorism is all google case study analysis strategic management more beguiling because it appears near the end of the poem, for its apparently climactic position has generally led to the assumption that it is the abstract summation of the poem But the ode is not an abstract statement or an excursion into philosophy.

It is a poem about things". Walter Evert, discussing the debate injustified the final lines of the poem to declare "The poem, then, accepts the urn for the immediate meditative imaginative pleasure that it can give, but it firmly defines the limits of artistic truth. In this it is wholly consistent with all the great poetry of Keats's last creative period.

John Keats Exam Questions - Keats' Kingdom

He concluded that Keats fails to provide his narrator with enough characterization to be able to speak for the urn. This posed a problem for the Customs essay Criticswho were prone to closely reading a poem's text.

Not every 20th-century critic opined primarily on the quality of the final lines when discussing the success or failure of the poem; Sidney Colvininexplained that "while imagery drawn from the sculptures on Greek vases was john keats belle dame sans merci essay floating through his mind, he was able to rouse himself to a stronger effort and produce a true masterpiece in his famous Ode on a Grecian Urn.

Garrod felt that the end of the poem did not match with the rest of the poem: "Perhaps the fourth stanza is more beautiful than any of the others-and more true. The trouble is that it is a little too true. Truth to his main theme has taken Keats rather farther than he meant to go This pure cold art makes, in fact, a less appeal to Keats than the Ode as a whole would pretend; and when, in the lines that follow these lines, he indulges the jarring apostrophe 'Cold Pastoral' [ Ridley described the poem as a "tense ethereal beauty" with a "touch of didacticism that weakens the urgency" of the statements.

John keats belle dame sans merci essay

The hard edges of classical Greek writing are softened by the enveloping emotion and suggestion. In his classical moments Keats is a sculptor whose marble becomes flesh. InCharles Patterson defended the poem and claimed, "The meaningfulness and range of the poem, along with its controlled execution and powerfully suggestive imagery, entitle it to a high place among Keats's great odes.

It lacks the even finish and extreme perfection of To John keats belle dame sans merci essay but is much superior in these qualities to the Ode to a Nightingale despite the magic passages in the latter and the similarities of over-all structure. In fact, the Ode on a Grecian Urn may deserve to rank first in the group if viewed in something approaching its true complexity and human wisdom.

Bateson emphasized in the poem's ability to capture truth: "The Ode to a Nightingale had ended with the explicit admission that the 'fancy' is a 'cheat,' and the Grecian Urn concludes with a similar repudiation. But this time it is a positive instead of a negative article analysis. There is no escape from the 'woe' that 'shall this generation waste,' but the action of time can be confronted and seen in its proper proportions.

To enable its readers to do this is the special function of poetry. Andrew Bennett, indiscussed the poem's effectiveness: "What is important and compelling in this poem is not so much what happens on the urn or in the poem, but the way that a response to an artwork both figures and prefigures its own critical response".

Celebrating the transcendent powers of art, it creates a sense of imminence, but also registers a feeling of frustration. For the same reason, the 'Ode on a Grecian Urn' drew neither attention nor admiration. Although the poet is gazing round the surface of the urn in each stanza, the poem cannot readily be consumed as a series of 'idylls'. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It was one of the pair of "Altieri Claudes", among the most famous and expensive paintings of the day.

Retrieved Abrams, M.

Sample essay questions on the poetry of John Keats

Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Arnold, Matthew. Lectures and Essays in Criticism. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, Bate, Walter Jackson. John Keats. The Stylistic Development of Keats. New York: Humanities Press, Bateson, F. Bennett, Andrew. Keats, Narrative, and Audience. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, The Visionary Company. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, Leigh Hunt's "Examiner" Examined. Hamden: Archon Books, Brooks, Cleanth.

Bush, Douglas. Douglas Bush.

John keats essay

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